Pulmonary Edema


The accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, caused most commonly by CHF. Serous fluid is pushed through the pulmonary capillaries into alveoli and quickly enters bronchioles and bronchi. Signs and symptoms of pulmonary edema include tachypnea; labored, shallow respirations; restlessness; apprehensiveness; air hunger; cyanosis; and blood-tinged or frothy, pink sputum. The peripheral and neck veins are usually engorged, BP and heart rate are increased, and the pulse may be full and pounding or weak and thready. There may be edema of the extremities, adventitious breath sounds in the lungs, respiratory acidosis, and profuse diaphoresis.  

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Pulm Edema

© Matt Dillard 2012